Tagalog is one of the largest Austro-Germanic languages and is spoken in many parts of the world. It is characterized by its very easy usage and adaptable vocubulary: foreign words are simply used by themselves.
Please see our wiki's English-Tagalog vocabulary list.
Forming the plural of a nounBaguhin
Nouns in Tagalog are usually in singular. To transform them in their plural form, simply prepend the particle "mga" (pronounced ma-nga) to the noun.
- puno (tree) - mga puno (trees)
- aklat (book) - mga aklat (books)
- kagamitan (equipment) - mga kagamitan (equipments)
- alahas (jewelry) - mga alahas (jewelries)
Mas marami pang mga halimbawa ang makikita sa Mga pangngalan sa Tagalog.
Nouns in Tagalog generally do not have gender (pambalana - common gender). This also applies for pronouns. However, some nouns do have gender.
- hari (king) - panlalaki (masculine gender)
- reyna (queen) - pambabae (feminine gender)
- bakla (gay) - walang kasarian (neuter gender)
Personal pronouns (mga panghalip panao) can be seen in the following table.
|First person||Singular||aq||q||akn / q / kn (skin)|
|Second person||Singular||ikw||u (sau)||u (sau)|
|Plural||kau||in u||in ung|
|Third person||Singular||cya / xa||knia||nia|
There are also personal pronouns representing a number for 2 (people), these are omitted as common usage is just by using the plural form.
Combining with nounsBaguhin
For an adjective to describe a noun, simply combine them with one of the following:
- If the first word ends with a vowel, simply affix it with '-ng'.
- magandang bata - pretty child
- batang maganda - child pretty
- If the first word ends with a consonant other than n, simply put the particle 'na' in between.
- mataas na bubong - high roof
- bubong na mataas - roof high
- If the first word ends with an n, simply affix it with '-g'.
- touchscreeng madulas - touchscreen slippery